Drain Tile Information
A drain tile is typically a PVC pipe with weep holes on one side, laid in a trench, and surrounded or shielded with stone or gravel. The stone around it protects it from being damaged. It serves to collect water around the basement foundation and direct the flow toward the sump crock for it to be eventually pumped out. The system is also known as French drain. Its foremost function is to accumulate water seepage and bring it away from the house via flow of gravity. There are two recommended locations for the installation of the facility: on the basement foundation’s interior perimeter or at its exterior.
Interior Drain Tile
The interior drain tile facility may be installed on top or beneath the concrete slab. Another good location is in the slab edge itself. In most houses, under the concrete slab is the typical site of the system. For this location, a segment of the basement floor is taken out. This removed portion is roughly at a distance of 12-24 inches from the concrete floor. The installer digs a trench, lays the pipe within, and covers it with gravel. A waterproofing product is next applied to redirect the water that seeps through the foundation wall towards the French drain system. Concrete is poured back.
Exterior Drain Tile
The exterior drain tile, also known as a footing drain, is installed while construction of the house is in progress. Placed outside the foundation, it serves as a piping system where subsurface water flowing into the ground is deposited and then redirected. The area surrounding the foundation is dug for the pipe system, eliminating all obstacles such as shrubs. The system can be installed above or beside the footing. This exterior drainage facility is a very effective method of water control provided that it can drain water to an awaiting sump where it can be pumped out afterwards.
The best way to install the drain tile is in a way that it can effectively redirect the water away from the house and expel it from the ground. It would do best to take advantage of the slope in the property if there is any. Gravity surely directs the water’s downward flow. The best direction for the water that the system has accumulated is towards the street or the property’s sewer system. A professional should install the pipe. If improperly installed, the drain tile can cause structural damage to the foundation of the house.